>> Simple oral and poster program (2018.04.19 updated)

>> Final program (2018.04.19 updated)

Morning Session Afternoon Session Event
23 (Mon.) 11:30-16:30 On-Site Registration Get-Together(OPIC)
24 (Tue.) XOPT(Oral) XOPT Banquet
25 (Wed.) OPIC Plenary Session Joint Session
XOPT(Oral) OPIC Reception
26 (Thu.) XOPT(Oral) XOPT(Poster) XOPT (Oral)

XOPT participants can join XOPT banquet at no additional cost.

Presentation style

Oral presentation

Invited speaker: 30 minutes (include discussion)
Others: 15 minutes (include discussion)

Poster Presentation

Poster board size is 90 cm (Horizontal) × 210 cm (Vertical).

International Conference on X-ray Optics and Applications 2018(XOPT2018)

April 24 Tue.

XOPT1: XFEL facilities

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
8:55 9:00 Opening Tetsuya Ishikawa
RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
9:00 9:30 XOPT1-1Invited Status and Developments in Crystal Optics at the Linac Coherent Light Source Diling Zhu1, Abdullah Ahmed1, Roberto Alonso-Mori1, Drew Barada1, Sebastien Boutet1, Matthieu Chollet1, Daniele Cocco1, Yiping Feng1, Paul Fuoss1, Jerome Hastings1, Justin James1, Tyler Johnson1, Karl Gumerlock1, Kazutaka Nakahara1, Taito Osaka2, Aymeric Robert1, Takahiro Sato1, Donald Schafer1, Matthew Seaberg1, Hongliang Shi1, Sanghoon Song1, Yanwen Sun1, Mark Sutton3, Nan Wang1, Makina Yabashi2, Lin Zhang1
1SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan,
3McGill University, Canada
We review the operation status of various crystal optics-based beamline components at LCLS and present recent developments in hard x-ray split-delay optics and their first application in experiments.
9:30 10:00 XOPT1-2Invited Hard X-ray focusing optics and applications at the PAL-XFEL Jangwoo Kim
Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Korea
In this paper, we describe the main optical components for the hard XFEL beamline, the optical configuration of the microfocusing KB mirror system, and the current studies using the focused XFEL beam at the PAL-XFEL.
10:00 10:30 XOPT1-3Invited Recent Progress of SACLA Taito Osaka
RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
Recent developments of x-ray optical devices at SACLA, such as a speckle-free channel-cut crystal monochromator, a nano-focusing mirror system with a large spatial acceptance, and a micro-channel-cut crystal monochromator for a self-seeding scheme, are presented.
10:30 11:00 Break

XOPT2: Optics I (refractive)

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
11:00 11:30 XOPT2-1Invited X-ray refractive beam-conditioning and beam-shaping optics for coherent microscopy applications Anatoly Snigirev
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia
X-ray refractive beam-conditioning and beam-shaping optics for coherent microscopy applications
11:30 11:45 XOPT2-2 2D focusing kinoform lenses produced by 3D direct printing Thomas Roth1, Frieder Koch2, Sebastien Berujon1, Rafael Celestre1, Thomas Zinn1, Christian David2, Raymond Barrett1
1European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France,
2Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland
We report on the use of 3D direct printing of a polymer, with sub-micron resolution, allowing the manufacturing of 2D focusing kinoform lenses. These lenses were characterised using x-ray speckle based wavefront sensing and SAXS.
11:45 12:00 XOPT2-3 Characterisation of refractive focusing lenses Lucia Alianelli, Oliver Fox, Kawal Sawhney
Diamond Light Source Ltd, UK
High resolution x-ray imaging is used to characterize the refractive lenses. The beam profile out of focus gives an integrated signal effect from lens inhomogeneities, in addition to the focusing effect from the curved surfaces
12:00 13:30 Lunch

XOPT3: Imaging I

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
13:30 14:00 XOPT3-1Invited Coherent X-ray Diffractive Imaging of Topological Defects in Operando Energy Storage Materials Oleg G. Shpyrko1, Andrej Singer1, 2, Shirley Meng1
1University of California San Diego, USA,
2Cornell University, USA
I will report three-dimensional imaging of dislocation dynamics in individual battery cathode nanoparticles of LiNiMnO as well as Lithium-rich layered oxides under operando conditions using Bragg coherent diffractive x-ray imaging.
14:00 14:30 XOPT3-2Invited Multi-Scale 3D Imaging of Strains and Structures with Dark-Field X-Ray Microscopy Hugh Simons
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
A new method for multi-dimensional x-ray microscopy
14:30 14:45 XOPT3-3 Hard X-ray in-situ full-field microscopy for material science applications Irina Snigireva1, Kehn Vidar Falch2, Daniele Casari2, Marco Di Michiel1, Carsten Detlefs1, Ragnvald Mathiesen2, Anatoly Snigirev3
1European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France,
2Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway,
3Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia
Hard X-ray transmission microscopy based on refractive X-ray optics is employed as a tool in material science to investigate buried-in microstructures in two or three dimensions with spatial resolution approaching 100 nm.
14:45 15:00 XOPT3-4 Lensless imaging with a lens Anders Filsoee Pedersen1, Virginie Chamard2, Hugh Simons1, Carsten Detlefs3, Henning Poulsen1
1Technical University of Denmark, Denmark,
2Aix-Marseille Universite, France,
3European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
We suggest a way to combine the BCDI technique with an objective to allow imaging of individual grains or domains inside a bulk sample, tested using wavefront propagation simulations based on the fractional Fourier transform.
15:00 15:30 Break

XOPT4: Optics II (high heat-load/high brilliance)

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
15:30 16:00 XOPT4-1Invited Development of a hard X-ray non-invasive wavefront sensor using a single-grating interferometer combined with a thin diamond single-crystal beam splitter Lahsen Assoufid1, Xianbo Shi1, Walan Grizolli1, Tomasz Kolodziej1, Steven Kearney1, Yuri Shvydko1, Vladimir Blank2, Sergey Terenteyev2, Deming Shu1, Antoine Wojdyla3, Kenneth A. Goldberg3, Mourad Idir4, Daniel Cocco5
1APS, Argonne National Laboratory, USA,
2Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials, Russia,
3ALS, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA,
4NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA,
5SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
We report on experimental results with a hard x-ray wavefront sensor that could potentially be used as a non-invasive sensor to generate a feedback signal to control or optimize the shape of wavefront-preserving deformable mirrors.
16:00 16:15 XOPT4-2 Metrology of Resistive Element Adjustable Length (REAL) cooling for sub-nanometer figure preservation in high heat load FEL optics Corey Hardin, May Ling Ng, Daniel Morton, Lance Lee, Lin Zhang, Daniele Cocco
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
A technique developed at SLAC called REAL to correct thermal deformation in x-ray mirrors is presented. Metrology testing shows the capability to minimize thermal load errors of the system under simulated FEL power.
16:15 16:30 XOPT4-3 Accuracy of Estimating the X-ray FEL Pulse Energy from Electron Beam Energy Loss Measurement Yiping Feng, Franz-Josef Decker
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
Using electron beam energy loss and repetition rate measurements to estimate the instantaneous FEL power for implementing safety devices for high repetition rate X-Ray FEL’s such as the LCLS-II.
16:30 16:45 XOPT4-4 Drilling ultra-high aspect ratio holes with an X-ray laser Harald Sinn
European XFEL, Germany
16:45 17:00 XOPT4-5 Reflection self-seeding at SACLA Ichiro Inoue1, Taito Osaka1, Takahiro Inagaki1, Shunji Goto1, 2, Toru Hara1, Yuichi Inubushi1, 2, Ryota Kinjo1, Haruhiko Ohashi1, 2, Takashi Tanaka1, Kazuaki Togawa1, Kensuke Tono1, 2, Hitoshi Tanaka1, Makina Yabashi1, 2
1RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan,
2Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan
This talk presents progresses on reflection self-seeding using micro-channel cut crystals at SACLA. Technical details and the first commissioning results will be described.

XOPT5: Source

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
17:00 17:15 XOPT5-1 X-ray Source Technology for High Throughput in the Home-Laboratory and Tomography Applications Emil Espes, Ulf Lundström, Julius Hållstedt, Mikael Otendal, Per Takman, Tomi Tuohimaa
Excillum AB, Sweden
X-ray analysis rely heavily on the x-ray source brightness for resolution/exposure-time. Traditional x-ray tubes are limited by when the e-beam power-density melts the anode. The MetalJet overcomes this limitation by using a liquid anode.
17:15 19:00 Break/Move
19:00 21:00 XOPT Banquet(The Japanese restaurant (“海宝”, Kaihou))
April 25 Wed.

Joint Session ALPS+HEDS+XOPT
Chairs: Ryosuke Kodama(Osaka University, Japan)
Hitoki Yoneda(Institute for Laser Science, The University of Electro-Communications (UEC), Japan)
Makina Yabashi(RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan)

Room 303

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
13:30 14:00 HEDSj-1Invited Manipulating Electrons with Intense Laser Pulses Victor Malka1, 2
1Laboratoire d’Optique Appliquée, France,
2Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
I’ll then show how by controlling the quiver motion of relativistic electrons intense and bright X-rays beam are produced in a compact and elegant way. Finally I’ll show some examples of applications.
14:00 14:30 ALPSj-1Invited Development and Commissioning of a 20 fs, 4PW Laser Junghun Shin1, Hyung Taek Kim1, 2, Seong Ku Lee1, 2, Jae Hee Sung1, 2, Hwang Woon Lee1, Jin Woo Yoon1, 2, Cheonha Jeon1, Chang Hee Nam1, 3
1Center for Relativistic Laser Science (CoReLS), Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Korea,
2Advanced Photonics Research Institute, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea,
3Department of Physics and Photon Science, GIST, Korea
A 20 fs,
4PW Ti:Sapphire laser beamline is developed at CoReLS. Details of the new beamline, and commissioning experiments that include focal spot optimization, double plasma mirror, and laser wakefield electron acceleration is presented.
14:30 15:00 XOPTj-1Invited European XFEL – New Opportunities for X-ray Science Robert Krarup Feidenhans’l
European XFEL, Germany
The European X-ray Free Electron Laser is the brightest X-ray free electron in the world due to its superconducting accelerator that allows the delivery of up 27000 intense, ultrashort pulses per second.
15:00 15:30 Break

XOPT6: Imaging II


Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
15:30 16:00 XOPT6-1Invited Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography – An outlook for diffraction-limited sources Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Esther H. R. Tsai, Michal Odstrcil
Swiss Light Source, Switzerland
Ptychographic nanotomography offers 3D imaging with resolution below 20-nm without imaging lenses. Here we present some of the strategies we follow in order to profit from the increased in brightness from multi-bend achromat synchrotron sources.
16:00 16:30 XOPT6-2Invited X-ray nano-imaging and nano-analysis using multilayer coated Kirkpatrick-Baez optics Peter Cloetens1, Julio Cesar da Silva1, Alexandra Pacureanu1, Yang Yang1, Sylvain Bohic1, 2, Murielle Salome1, Lionel Andre1, Raymond Barrett1, Christian Morawe1, Peter van der Linden1, Francois Villar1
1European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France,
2University of Grenoble Alpes, France
We describe an instrument for the quantitative three dimensional characterization of specimens at the nanoscale. Multilayer coated Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors provide an intense nanofocus for correlative microscopy exploiting X-ray fluorescence, holographic and ptychographic tomography.

XOPT7:Optics III (reflective)

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
16:30 16:45 XOPT7-1 Compact and large-magnification full-field X-ray microscope using concave-convex imaging mirrors Jumpei Yamada1, Satoshi Matsuyama1, Yasuhisa Sano1, Yoshiki Kohmura2, Makina Yabashi2, Tetsuya Ishikawa2, Kazuto Yamauchi1
1Osaka University, Japan,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
A novel X-ray imaging optics consisting of concave and convex mirrors were developed for a compact and large-magnification full-field X-ray microscope. Results of mirror fabrication and imaging test will be reported.
16:45 17:00 XOPT7-2 Design of 160-mm and 300-mm Long Elliptically Bent Hard X-ray Mirrors with Precision Compact Laminar Flexure Bending Mechanism Deming Shu1, Aiguo Li2, Steven P. Kearney1, Chengwen Mao2, Jayson Anton1, 3, Ross Harder1, X. Shi1, Tim Mooney1, Lahsen Assoufid1
1APS, Argonne National Laboratory, USA,
2SSRF, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, China,
3University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Mechanical design as well as finite element analyses results of the precision compact mirror benders for 160-mm-long and 300-mm-long hard x-ray mirrors with trapezoid and rectangular shapes are presented in this paper.
17:00 17:15 XOPT7-3 The commission of Montel Optics at Taiwan Photon Source Gung-Chian Yin, Bo-Yi Chen, Chien-Yu Lee, Xiao-Yun Li, Bi-Hsuan Lin, Shao-Chin Tseng, Shih-Hung Chang, Mau-Tsu Tang
National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan
With whole new design approaches, the focus spot of Montel optics is recently improved to 50 nm. The Montel optics is designed as V-shaped and the state-of-the-art polishing method (EEM) is applied to the mirror.
17:15 18:00 Break/Move
April 26 Thu.

XOPT8: Imaging III


Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
9:00 9:30 XOPT8-1Invited Recent Advance and Future Potential in X-ray Imaging with Gratings Wataru Yashiro
Tohoku University, Japan
X-ray grating interferometries have attracted much attention because they allow for several advantages over the conventional techniques. I will introduce the recent advance and future potentials in the interferometries for material and life sciences.
9:30 9:45 XOPT8-2 The interaction of infrared laser radiation with polypropylene studied by pink-beam 4D X-ray Phase CT Karol Vegso1, Yanlin Wu2, Hidekazu Takano2, Masato Hoshino1, Atsushi Momose2
1Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan,
2Tohoku University, Japan
The 4D X-ray phase CT utilizing X-ray Talbot Interferometer was used to study interaction of infrared laser beam with polypropylene. The temporal resolution achieved in 4D CT was 4 s.
9:45 10:00 XOPT8-3 High-fluence x-ray focusing system for high-resolution coherent diffraction imaging at SACLA Hirokatsu Yumoto1, 2, Takahisa Koyama1, 2, Takashi Kimura3, Akihiro Suzuki3, Takashi Kameshima1, 2, Yasumasa Joti1, 2, Kensuke Tono1, 2, Naoya Tani3, Tatsuro Tachibana3, Yusuke Konishi3, Yoshitaka Bessho4, Yoshinori Nishino3, Makina Yabashi1, 2, Haruhiko Ohashi1, 2
1Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan,
3Hokkaido University, Japan,
4Academia Sinica, Taiwan
We developed a CDI system with high-fluence x-ray focusing optics to enhance diffraction signals from nanosized particles. The manufactured mirror optics realized a high-fluence focus with a beam size of 100 nm at 4 keV.
10:00 10:30 XOPT8-4Invited Radiation-Damage-Free Imaging of Solid Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Single-Shot Coherent Diffraction Imaging Takashi Kimura
Hokkaido University, Japan
X-ray free-electron lasers can overcome the limitation of radiation-damage by capturing a femtosecond snapshot of sample structure. I will talk about coherent X-ray diffraction imaging of a high radiation sensitive solid electrolyte at SACLA.

XOPTp9: Poster Session

Room: Exhibition Hall A

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
10:30 12:00 XOPTp9-1 Feasibility study of phase-contrast X-ray micro-CT using diffraction enhanced imaging Akio Yoneyama1, 2, Rika Baba2, Kazuyuki Hyodo3
1Saga Light Source, Japan,
2Hitachi Ltd., Japan,
3High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Japan
We developed a phase-contrast X-ray micro CT system using diffraction enhanced imaging method. The results of feasibility observation of a polymer sphere show that the spatial resolution was about 3 um.
XOPTp9-2 X-ray stroboscopic phase tomography with Talbot interferometer and white synchrotron radiation Yanlin Wu, Hidekazu Takano, Atsushi Momose
Tohouk University, Japan
Here, we report time-resolved X-ray phase tomography using Talbot interferometer combine with stroboscopic techniques, which are applicable when the process to be imaged is periodic with microsecond order temporal resolution.
XOPTp9-3 Development of X-ray phase laminography microscope based on grating interferometry Hidekazu Takano1, Karol Vegso2, Masato Hoshino2, Yanlin Wu1, Atsushi Momose1, 2
1Tohoku University, Japan,
2Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan
An X-ray phase laminography microscope was demonstrated using 9 keV X-ray of SPring-8 37XU. The system was composed by an X-ray microscope using a FZP and by a Tolbot interferometer using X-ray transmission gratings.
XOPTp9-4 Imaging thermoresponsive gold nanoparticles in solution by X-ray laser diffraction Akihiro Suzuki1, Takashi Kimura1, Ryo Iida2, Hideyuki Mitomo1, 5, Yasumasa Joti3, Yoshitaka Bessho4, Ken-ichi Niikura6, Kuniharu Ijiro1, 5, Yoshinori Nishino1
1Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Japan,
2Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan,
3Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan,
4Academia Sinica, Taiwan,
5Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education, Hokkaido University, Japan,
6Nippon Institute of Technology, Japan
By adding sample temperature control function to pulsed coherent X-ray solution scattering (PCXSS), we realized nanostructure imaging of gold nanoparticles, which self-assemble in solution due to temperature changes.
XOPTp9-5 Parametric-Down Conversion of X-rays into the Optical Regime Aviad Schori1, Christina Bomer2, Denis Borodin1, Steve Collins3, Bllanka Detlefs4, Marco Moretti Sala4, Shimon Yudovich1, Sharon Shwartz1
1Bar-Ilan University, Israel,
2European XFEL, Germany,
3Diamond Light Source, United Kingdom,
4European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
We observed parametrically down converted x-ray signal photons that correspond to idler photons at optical wavelengths. The results demonstrate a new method for probing valence-electron charges and microscopic optical responses of crystals with atomic-scale resolution.
XOPTp9-6 Study of silicon microstructures by x-ray high resolution diffractometry based on refractive optics Petr Ershov1, Alexander Barannikov1, Ivan Lyatun1, Dmitriy Zverev1, Sergey Kuznetsov2, Vyacheslav Yunkin2, Irina Snigireva3, Anatoly Snigirev1
1Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia,
2Institute of Microelectronics Technology and High-Purity Materials, Russia,
3European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
We propose and demonstrate the new X-ray optical diffractometry technique based on Compound Refractive Lenses(CRL) to study different Si microstructures. The unique results presented in that work, shows perspectives of future technique applications.
XOPTp9-7 SwissFEL photon diagnostics for soft, tender and hard X-rays Christopher A. Arrell, Jens Rehanek, Pavle Juranic, the SwissFEL team
Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland
Photon diagnostics in use on the hard X-ray branch (Aramis) of SwissFEL and those planned for the tender X-ray and the future soft X-ray branch (Athos) are presented.
XOPTp9-8 Synchrotron radiation-based anomalous dispersion X-ray powder diffraction studies of Pb/Bi distributions in ferroelectric oxides Kun Lin1, Yili Cao1, Kenichi Kato2, Xianran Xing1
1University of Science and Technology Beijing, China,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
Synchrotron radiation-based anomalous dispersion X-ray powder diffraction technique was successfully used to reveal the ordered Pb/Bi distributions in a tungsten bronze oxide PbBiNb5O15 and disordered Pb/Bi distributions in perovskite oxides (1-x)PbTiO3-xBiFeO3 and (1-x)PbTiO3-xBi(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3.
XOPTp9-10 Theory and fabrication feasibility of ultra short focal length refractive lenses for hard X-Rays Lucia Alianelli, John Sutter, Kawal Sawhney
Diamond Light Source Ltd, United Kingdom
We discuss refractive lens designs, and materials currently used for synchrotron applications and the fabrication requirements to produce an aberration-free refractive lens for focusing to s = 20 nm, based on new designs.
XOPTp9-11 X-ray refractive parabolic axicon lens Dmitrii Zverev1, Alexandr Barannikov1, Irina Snigireva2, Anatoly Snigirev1
1Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia,
2European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
An X-ray axicon, as novel type of beam-shaping optical element is proposed and demonstrated. Under coherent X-ray illumination, the parabolic axicon generates Bessel-like beam along the optical axis and ring-shaped beam at the imaging distance.
XOPTp9-12 Phase-contrast imaging using X-ray nanointerferometer based on Si refractive bilenses Dmitrii Zverev1, Victor Kohn2, Irina Snigireva3, Anatoly Snigirev1
1Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia,
2Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Russia,
3European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
We have demonstrated phase-contrast technique using X-ray nanointerferometer based on Si refractive bilenses. Proposed phase-contrast imaging technique will allows to study natural and advanced man-made nanoscale materials.
XOPTp9-13 Beryllium X-ray optical properties: from refractive lens to diffuser Ivan Lyatun1, Peter Ershov1, Svetlana Medvedeva1, Elena Kozlova2, Maxim Sheverdyaev2, Vladimir Volkov3, Alexandr Semenov2, Vladimir Gorlevsky2, Valery Savin1, Irina Snigireva4, Anatoly Snigirev1
1Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia,
2A. A. Bochvar High-Technology Scientific Research Institute for Inorganic Materials, Russia,
3Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia,
4European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
Almost all beryllium grades are sintered materials, which have internal micro- and nanograine structure and relatively high BeO concentration. BeO forms a inhomogeneous internal structure in beryllium which leads to strong ultra-small angular X-ray scattering.
XOPTp9-14 2D polymer refractive microlenses fabricated by additive technology Aleksandr Barannikov1, Ksenya Abrashitova1, 2, Vladimir Bessonov2, Alexander Petrov1, 2, Natalya Kokareva2, Kirill Safronov2, Petr Ershov1, Nataliya Klimova1, Ivan Lyatun1, Vyacheslav Yunkin3, Maxim Polikarpov1, Irina Snigireva4, Andrey Fedyanin2, Anatoly Snigirev1
1Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia,
2Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia,
3Russian Academy of Science, Russia,
4European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France
This paper is presents the new X-ray refractive lense manufacturing technology, wich gives the possibility to overcome the limits of other popular techniques.
XOPTp9-15 Mini-Trasfocator for X-ray Microscopy Aleksandr Barannikov, Petr Ershov, Anatoly Lushnikov, Ivan Lyatun, Anton Narikovich, Igor Panormov, Maxim Polikarpov, Aleksandr Sinitsyn, Dmitry Zverev, Anatoly Snigirev
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Russia
We propose an X-ray Mini-Trasfocator for X-ray microscopy, introscopy and related applications. This device based on parabolic refractive lenses can be used for adjustment of the lens assembly by mechanical movement of the lenses one-by-one.
XOPTp9-16 High-aspect-ratio X-ray optical devices fabricated from Pt-based metallic glass Wataru Yashiro1, Masanari Datekyu2, Masashi Nakao3, Yoshiki Kohmura4, Hidemi Kato2
1Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Japan,
2Institute of Materials Research, Tohoku University, Japan,
3Micro System Integration Center,Tohoku University, Japan,
4RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
In general, hard-X-ray optical devices essentially requires high-aspect-ratio structures because of weak interaction of hard X-rays with matters. Recently, we successfully fabricated high-aspect-ratio transmission gratings, and even an FZP, by Pt-based metallic glass imprinting.
XOPTp9-17 Two-dimensional VLS gratings from Berlin (NOB GmbH) Heike Loechel
Neutron Optics Berlin, Germany
A new approach for 2-dimensional variable space (VLS) gratings was implemented at Neutron Optics Berlin GmbH for wavelength dispersive spectrometry and ultra-fast time-resolved monochromators. These diffractive optical elements provide new options in the XUV and X-ray range with up to 5000 lines/mm.
XOPTp9-18 Depelopment of Channel-cut Crystal X-ray Monochromators for Low-emittance X-ray Sources Using High-presicion Plasma Etching Yuki Morioka1, Takashi Hirano1, Yasuhisa Sano1, Satoshi Matsuyama1, Taito Osaka2, Tetsuo Katayama3, Makina Yabashi2, Kazuto Yamauchi1
1Osaka University, Japan,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan,
3Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan
In order to eliminate subsurface damage on inner-walls of channel-cut crystal monochromators (CCMs) with narrow channel width, we newly prepared small rotation electrode and treated inner-walls of CCM with channel width of 8 mm.
XOPTp9-19 Development of Fabrication Method of Speckle-free Channel-cut Crystal X-ray Monochromators with Sub-mm Channel Width Takashi Hirano1, Yuki Morioka1, Yasuhisa Sano1, Taito Osaka1, 2, Satoshi Matsuyama1, Makina Yabashi2, Kazuto Yamauchi1
1Osaka University, Japan,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
A speckle-free channel-cut crystal monochromators with a sub-mm channel width is highly demanded for self-seeded XFELs. Its fabrication method based on the local etching technique using atmospheric-pressure plasma was proposed and discussed.
XOPTp9-20 Interface engineering of periodic multilayer EUV and x-ray mirrors JiaoLing Zhao, Meiping Zhu, Kui Yi, Hongji Qi, Hongbo He, Jianda Shao
Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
The interface of EUV and X-ray multilayer mirrors are investigated to improve the reflectivity and thermal stability, in which the barrier layer, reactive sputtering and co-sputtering are discussed.
XOPTp9-21 The Commission of Mirror Holder for X-ray Nanoprobe BoYi Chen1, Gung-Chian Yin1, Chien-Yu Lee1, Ming-Ying Hsu1, Bi-Hsuan Lin2, Shao-Chin Tseng2, Xiao-Yun Li2, Huang-Yeh Chen2, Jian-Xing Wu2, Shih-Hung Chang3, Mau-Tsu Tang2
1Experimental Technique Group, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan,
2X-ray and IR imaging Group, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan,
3Beamline Group, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Taiwan
The commission of X-ray nanoprobe endstation started to test the performance of each componments and systems. Both of the focus ability of Montel mirros and the stability are studied.
XOPTp9-22 New figuring model based on surface slope profiles for X-ray optics Lin Zhou1, Hao Hu1, Ci Song1, Shanyong Chen1, Guipeng Tie1, Mourad Idir2
1National University of Defense Technology, China,
2NSLS II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA
Surface slope profiles are widely used in the metrology of X-ray optics instead of surface height profiles. Nevertheless, the theoretical and experimental model currently used in deterministic optical figuring processes is based on surface heights, not on surface slopes.
XOPTp9-23 Measurement of a spherical mirror with sub-50 pm repeatability by three-dimensional nanoprofiler using normal vector tracing Method Yui Toyoshi, Ryo Kizaki, Hiroki Shiraji, Takao Kitayama, Jungmin Kang, Kazuya Yamamura, Katsuyoshi Endo
Osaka University, Japan
We developed a non-contact nanoprofiler that measures normal vectors of surface. We introduce a measurement of a spherical mirror with radius of curvature of 1000 mm. The repeatability of it were less than 50 pm.
XOPTp9-24 Development of nanofocusing system for X-ray free electron Laser (Study of nanobeam characterization) Takato Inoue1, Satoshi Matsuyama1, Shogo Kawai1, Hirokatsu Yumoto2, Yuichi Inubushi2, Takahisa Koyama2, Kensuke Tono2, Taito Osaka3, Haruhiko Ohashi2, Makina Yabashi3, Tetsuya Ishikawa3, Kazuto Yamauchi1
1Osaka University, Japan,
2Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan,
3RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
Ideal focusing can be realized if wavefront information of a focused beam can be measured and improved. We evaluated the single shot beam characterization method using speckle patterns due to the scattering of nanoscale particles.
XOPTp9-25 Development of high-resolution X-ray imaging optical system using multilayer imaging mirrors Kentaro Hata1, Jumpei Yamada1, Satoshi Matsuyama1, Yasuhisa Sano1, Yoshiki Kohmura2, Makina Yabashi2, Tetsuya Ishikawa2, Kazuto Yamauchi1, 3
1Department of Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Japan,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan,
3Center for Ultra-Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Japan
We have developed an imaging optics based on Advanced KB mirrors with a graded multilayer film. A high resolution of about 35 nm x 50 nm (H x V) was achieved.
XOPTp9-26 Development of adaptive X-ray focusing system based on a combination of a piezoelectric bimorph mirror and a mechanical mirror bender Hiroyuki Yamaguchi1, Takumi Goto1, Hiroki Hayashi1, Satoshi Matsuyama1, Junki Sonoyama2, Kazuki Akiyama2, Hiroki Nakamori3, Yasuhisa Sano1, Yoshiki Kohmura4, Makina Yabashi4, Tetsuya Ishikawa4, Kazuto Yamauchi1
1Osaka University, Japan,
2TOYAMA, Japan,
3JTEC Corporation, Japan,
4RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
We developed a hybrid deformable mirror based on a combination of a piezoelectric bimorph mirror and a mechanical mirror bender. We report the result of 2D focusing experiment using the mirrors at SPring-8.
XOPTp9-27 Thermal Analysis for Ion Beam Processing of the Unimorph Deformable Mirror Zhanbin Fan1, 2, Chaoliang Guan1, 2, Guipeng Tie1, 2, Shanyong Chen1, 2
1National University of Defense Technology, China,
2Hunan Key Laboratory of Ultra-precision Machining Technology, China
The variation law of temperature and thermal stress of the adhesive layer with different ion beam diameters and scanning times are obtained by simulation and test. The thermal effect of the ion beam is eliminated.
XOPTp9-28 Figure correction of ellipsoidal x-ray mirrors by ion beam sputtering deposition Shunya Yokomae, Hiroto Motoyama, Hidekazu Mimura
The University of Tokyo, Japan
We developed a figure correction system for ellipsoidal x-ray mirrors employing ion beam sputtering deposition. After the process, figure error of the inner surface of a mirror was decreased from 202 nm to 96 nm.
XOPTp9-29 Development of a high precision processing for master mandrel of soft X-ray ellipsoidal mirror Yuusuke Matsuzawa, Shinji Okawa, Hidekazu Mimura
The University of Tokyo, Japan
Our research group is development of single nano-meter precision of the master mandrel for fabrication soft X-ray ellipsoidal mirror. We developed a processing method that is combination by small diameter tool and organic particles.
XOPTp9-30 Imaging Quality of HHG Achromatic Microscope Using Wolter Mirrors Satoru Egawa1, Hiroto Motoyama1, Atsushi Iwasaki2, Kaoru Yamanouchi2, Hidekazu Mimura1
1Department of Precision Engineering, School of Engineering, the University of Tokyo, Japan,
2Department of Chemistry, School of Science, the University of Tokyo, Japan
We demonstrate a HHG (high-harmonic generation) achromatic imaging microscope using Wotler mirrors. Sub-micrometer spatial resolution was achieved. The future plan is to perform time-resolved imaging using polychromatic bright illumination.
XOPTp9-31 Current X-ray mirrors and metrology of JTEC Corporation Hiroki Nakamori1, 2, Hiromi Okada1, Shinya Aono1, Kazuto Yamauchi2, Takashi Tsumura1
1JTEC Corporation, Japan,
2Osaka University, Japan
We fabricate ultraprecise X-ray mirrors for synchrotron radiation facilities. The mirrors are measured and fabricated by special techniques. We will report current metrology and X-ray mirrors.
12:00 13:30 Lunch

XOPT10: Optics IV (ML/diffractive)

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
13:30 14:00 XOPT10-1Invited Multilayer Laue Lens Fabrication and Measurement Results Raymond P. Conley1, 2, Nathalie Bouet2, Albert T. Macrander1, Jörg Maser1, Deming Shu1, Yong S. Chu2, Juan Zhou2, Evgeny Nazaretski2, Hanfei Yan2, Xiaojing Huang2
1APS, Argonne National Laboratory, USA,
2NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA
Multilayer Laue lens have been produced with a new material system of WSi2/Al-Si and reach 102 µm in deposition thickness, the largest MLL reported. Also, efficiency measurements of a series of wedged MLLs are presented.
14:00 14:15 XOPT10-2 A tender X-ray PGM for tuning the photon energy interval 0.6 – 6 keV with a single plane grating Werner Jark
Elettra – Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy
A tender X-ray PGM for tuning 600 – 6000 eV
14:15 14:30 XOPT10-3 Soft X-Ray and EUV diffraction gratings design for space and synchrotron applications Arnaud COTEL
HORIBA Scientific, France
The holographic recording technique coupled with the ion-etching process allow to achieve very high groove density up to ~6000gr/mm optimized in EUV and Soft X-Ray. We will describe the method for grating optimization.
14:30 14:45 XOPT10-4 Fabrication of novel gratings to improve spatial resolution in X-ray phase imaging Talgat Mamyrbayev1, Katsumasa Ikematsu1, 2, Pascal Meyer1, Marcus Zuber3, Angelica Cecilia3, Atsushi Momose2, Juergen Mohr1
1Institute of Microstructure Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany,
2Tohoku University, Japan,
3Institute for Photon Science and Synchrotron Radiation, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
The spatial resolution of X-ray grating interferometry setups is limited by the gratings period. We have designed and fabricated new parabolic shaped gratings to overcome these limits. Contrast visibility is 80%.
14:45 15:00 XOPT10-5 Multilayer Optics and Scatterless Apertures for High-Brilliance X-ray Sources Joerg Wiesmann, Frank Hertlein, Jürgen Graf, Carsten Michaelsen
Incoatec GmbH, Germany
We discuss multilayer mirrors and scatterless apertures as beam conditioning components in state-of-the-art X-ray analytical equipment for home-labs and synchrotrons. Furthermore, we present applications of these components in combination with high brilliance laboratory microfocus sources.
15:00 15:30 Break

XOPT:11 Methods

Room 313+314

Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
15:30 15:45 XOPT11-1 Machine and Deep Learning Exploration for Spectral X-ray Computed Tomography Materials Classification Applications Edward Steven Jimenez1, April Suknot2, Kyle Thompson3, Ryan Goodner3, Srivathsan Koundinyan1
1Sandia National Laboratories – Mission Algorithms R&S, USA,
2Sandia National Laboratories – R&D Systems Architecture, USA,
3Sandia National Laboratories – Non-Destructive Diagnositics, USA
Spectral CT for Industrial Application has great potential to dramatically improve data use and quality. This work presents an exploratory investigation into the feasibility of leveraging the reconstructed waveform along with machine and deep learning

XOPT12: Optics V (reflective/nonlinear)


Start End Session No. Title Speaker Description
15:45 16:00 XOPT12-1 X-ray Ring-Focusing Mirror Hidekazu Mimura1, Yoko Takeo1, Hiroto Motoyama1, Yasunori Senba2, Hikaru Kishimoto2, Haruhiko Ohashi2
1The University of Tokyo, Japan,
2Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Japan
We propose, fabricate, and evaluate the ring-focusing mirror that can produce the x-ray beam having the ring-shaped intensity distribution. The ring-shaped intensity successfully profiles are observed at the soft x-ray beamline (BL25SU) of SPring-8.
16:00 16:15 XOPT12-2 Ghost Imaging with Paired X-ray Photons Aviad Schori1, 2, Denis Borodin1, 2, Kenji Tamasaku2, Sharon Shwartz1, 2
1Bar-Ilan University, Israel,
2RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Japan
We observed ghost imaging by using parametrically down-converted x-ray photon pairs. We reconstructed the image of slits with nominally zero background levels. Our procedure can lead to observations of many quantum phenomena at x-ray wavelengths.
16:15 16:30 XOPT12-3 Evidence for collective nonlinear interactions in x ray into ultraviolet parametric down conversion Denis Borodin1, Aviad Schori1, Jean-Pascal Rueff2, James Ablett2, Sharon Shwartz1
1Bar Ilan University, Israel,
2Synchrotron SOLEIL, France
We present the observation of the non-monotonic spectral dependence of parametric down conversion of x rays into ultraviolet. We propose a model that includes nonlinear interactions with plasmons, which explains the existence of the resonances.
16:30 16:35 Closing
Kazuto Yamauchi
Osaka University, Japan